Archive for 十月, 2018

Supercritical water gasification (SCWG) of waste cooking oil

星期二, 十月 30th, 2018

Supercritical water gasification (SCWG) of waste cooking oil

Recently, Prof. JA Kozinski group at Waterloo collaborated with Profs. AK Dalai at U Saskatchewan and Zhen FANG studied SCWG of waste cooking oil.

In the work, Dr. S Nanda (U Western Ontario) et al. studied waste cooking oil gasification at variable temperatures (375-675°C), feed concentration (25-40 wt%) and reaction time (15-60 min) to investigate their effects on syngas yield and composition. Maximum yields of hydrogen (5.16 mol/kg) and total gases (10.5 mol/kg) were obtained at optimal temperature, feed concentration and reaction time of 675°C, 25 wt% and 60 min, respectively. At 5 wt% loading, Ru/Al2O3 enhanced hydrogen yield (10.16 mol/kg) through water-gas shift reaction, whereas Ni/Si-Al2O3 improved methane yield (8.15 mol/kg) via methanation reaction. The trend of hydrogen production from catalytic supercritical water gasification of waste cooking oil at 675°C, 25 wt% and 60 min decreased as Ru/Al2O3 > Ni/Si-Al2O3 > K2CO3 > Na2CO3. The results indicate the recycling potential of waste cooking oil for hydrogen production through hydrothermal gasification.

Results were published:

S Nanda, R Rana, H Hunter, Zhen Fang, AK Dalai, JA Kozinski*, Hydrothermal Catalytic Processing of Waste Cooking Oil for Hydrogen-rich Syngas Production, Chemical Engineering Sciencehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2018.10.039 (2018).

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超临界水气化(SCWG)废食用油

最近,加拿大滑铁卢大学的JA Kozinski教授研究组与萨斯喀彻温大学AK Dalai教授和方真教授教授合作,研究了超临界水气化废食用油。

S Nanda博士(U Western Ontario)等研究了不同温度(375-675 °C)、物料浓度(25- 40 wt %)和反应时间(15- 60 min)对废食用油气化的影响,研究了它们对合成气产量和组成的影响。在最佳条件下(675 °C, 25 wt %, 60 min)分别获得最大产氢量(5.16 mol/kg)和总气体量(10.5 mol/kg)。在5wt %的催化剂负荷下,Ru/Al2O3通过水煤气变换反应提高了产氢量(10.16 mol/kg),而Ni/Si-Al2O3通过甲烷化反应提高了产氢量(8.15 mol/kg)。在675 °C、25 wt%和60 min时,催化超临界水气化制氢的趋势随着Ru/Al2O3 Ni/Si-Al2O3 > K2CO3 > Na2CO3的趋势下降。结果表明,废弃食用油通过水热气化制氢具有回收利用潜力。

结果发表在:

S Nanda, R Rana, H Hunter, Zhen Fang, AK Dalai, JA Kozinski*, Hydrothermal Catalytic Processing of Waste Cooking Oil for Hydrogen-rich Syngas Production, Chemical Engineering Science, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2018.10.039 (2018).